Board Book Bangladesh · November 21, ·. Board Book Bangladesh Check out our new ICT playlist. ICT Class 08 Chapter 01 তথ্য ও যোগাযোগ প্রযুক্তি ।. You can also download the books from the official website of national curriculum and textbook board of Bangladesh riacripwacose.cf hope. Class Nine, Ten All PDF NCTB Book Bangladesh Free Download. National Curriculum and Textbook Board (NCTB) has published new year's.
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3 Social Studies -English Version-Board book Bangladesh - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. 3 Social Studies. 4 days ago Luckily, Bangladesh Education Board and NCTB digitalized text books from Class 1 to Class 12 in Bengali and English format which is really. The National Curriculum & Textbook Board is an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Education in Bangladesh responsible for the development of curriculum, Free board books are distributed among students every year between classes I-X. these books comprise most of the curriculum of all public.
We have also examined some of the corresponding text-books. Review or a commentary on a published book which cannot be denied because of the guaranteed right to freedom of speech and expression and which Mr.
Pal has specially laid emphasis on, is far from what a note-book is and consists of. A note-book, it is found, is in effect and substance a merely degenerated presentation of the same text-book, the maintenance of the quality of which is statutorily vested in the Text-Book Board.
In the name of freedom of speech and expression the respondents will certainly frustrate the purpose of the law regulating the quality of the text-books by the Text-Book Board. Their claim of right of freedom of speech and expression in the circumstances will directly offend the statutory provision and there cannot be any right, much less any fundamental right, which will inspire a violation of the law.
It is true that under Article 39 2 it has been specifically mentioned as regards the grounds upon which reasonable restriction may be imposed by law on the right of citizens to freedom of speech and expression, but the basic assumption for the exercise of the said right is and must be that it may not offend any law or any right of other person under the law. Drawing support for his submission, the learned Additional Attorney- General, has referred to some decisions from the Indian jurisdiction and out of them we find particularly one decision quite appropriate which is in line with the view that we have expressed above.
It was a case, Jang Bahadur vs. Principal, Mohindra College AIR 38 Pepsu 59, where the petitioner, a college student, was rusticated by the Principal of the College on the ground that he had issued and printed a hand-bill attacking the education policy of the Union Government and condemning the authorities of the College for what he considered to be their anti-nationalistic and communalistic outlook and for encouraging hooliganism, moral degeneration and wide-spread intrigue, etc.
The learned Chief Justice delivering the judgment singly observed that apart from the qualifications enumerated in clause 2 of Article 19 which correspond to the restrictions mentioned in Article 39 2 of our Constitution, the right to freedom of speech and expression is sub to the qualification that the exercise of the right by citizen should not infringe the rights of others By way of example it was said that the right to move freely throughout the territory of India and the right to reside and settle would not include the right to move and reside and settle in a private property someone else.
It was further observed that the hand-bill issued by the petitioner offended the ordinary law of the land which could not be permitted by invocation of the right to freedom of speech and expression. The petition was accordingly dismissed. In the case of Hamdard Dawakhana vs.
Union of India AIR SC , the question issue was whether an advertisement designed promote the sale of certain medicines was protect under the fundamental right to freedom of speech al expression Article 19 1 a. It was observed in that case that when enactment is challenged as violating a fundamental right, it becomes necessary to ascertain its tea nature and character i. It was held in that case that even though an advertisement is no doubt a form of speech but the true character is reflected by the object for promotion of which it is employed.
If any limitation is placed which results in the society being deprived of such right then no doubt it would fall within the guaranteed freedom under Article 19 1 a but if all it does is that it deprives a trader from commending his wares it would not fall within that term, it was further observed. By analogy the principles followed in that decision are found to support the view we are taking in the present case.
The immediate object is not to impart any idea or information but to make money at the cost of the Board. It is not disputed that the Text-Book Board has copyright in the text-books prepared and published by it. There will obviously be an infringement of the said copyright if somebody reproduces the text-books in any material form. A note-book, it has been found, is not an expression of ideas or opinion or comment with regard to the contents of the text-book but it is merely a presentation of the same text-book in a different manner and form.
The impugned Act by putting the restriction on printing, publishing, etc. Viewed in this perspective it will be difficult to hold that the impugned Act is unconstitutional not being covered by the terms of Article 39 2. In this connection our attention has been drawn to the case of West Bengal Board of Secondary Education vs.
Standard Book Co. No part of the book can be printed or published or no explanatory book or any abridgement thereof or what is commonly known as note-book can be prepared without the express written permission of the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education.
Any infringement of the copy-right or preparation of notes of the book in any manner would be severely dealt with and make such publishers liable to damages. Two-fold objection was raised by the Board— 1 that in making the summaries of the prose-writing and verses, the author of the note-book has made adaptations from and substantial use of the plaintiffs material and 2 that the literal translations into Bengali of these prose writing and verses could never be included in the notes without the plaintiffs permission.
This is a pernicious practice which should be put an end to in the general interest of education and advance of learning in our country. It will be seen that what the West Bengal Board had achieved by using a little imagination in clearly stating the terms of its copyright and other rights in the text-book has been sought to be achieved by the impugned Act by putting restriction on printing and publication of note-books.
The principle, however, governing that case and the present cases is basically the same. The Government in its affidavit- in-opposition stated that the text-books published by the Board are correct with proper annotation, explanation and appropriate word-scholars of the country and in that view the publication of note-books by the writ-petitioners was unnecessary, superfluous and a taxation upon the student community causing national loss.
It was stated that the impugned Act was enacted after much deliberation in the interest of the students to save them from the bad effects of trash note-books published by the profit-hunting publishers.
It was also alleged that the note books are full of tissues of falsehood, mistake of facts, wrong annotation and incorrect explanation which are far from the text-books and the effect upon the students is that they are creating confusion and causing serious psychological setback and obstruction in the pursuit of true knowledge.
These are then the mischief which the legislature wants to get rid of by making the enactment in question. There does not seem to have been any reply given to the aforesaid affidavit-in-opposition. The Court cannot ignore the requirements of the situation which prompted the passing of the impugned Act.
To refer to the writ-petitions, which are more or less similar, it will be seen that in Writ Petition No. All these books were published before the promulgation of the impugned Act and those have been ready for sale.
Class Nine, Ten All PDF NCTB Book Bangladesh Free Download
The writ-petitioner had in stock about 20, note-books on different text-books in Bangla Bazar which could not be sold in view of the prohibition imposed by the impugned Act. It was claimed that the writ-petitioners were highly prejudiced and put to financial ruin by reason of passing of the impugned Act. Although it has been alleged in the grounds taken in.
The right to freedom of speech expression, it has been long and well-settled, is a very valuable right and the fulfillment of the individual and the society as well depends largely upon the cultivation of the said right and any infringement thereof is permitted only as provisions under Article 39 2. We, therefore, hold that the High Court Division was not justified in declaring the impugned Act to be unconstitutional being ultra vires of Article 39 2 of the Constitution.
The Government appeals, Civil Appeal Nos. There will be no order as to cost. Mustafa Kamal J. Latifur Rahman J. As I find it difficult to agree with the judgment of my Lord, the Chief Justice, I am writing out a separate judgment giving my own reasons. At the final hearing of the above two appeals, Civil Appeal Nos.
In those two writ petitions, the respondents challenged the Note-Books Prohibition Act, , briefly, the impugned Act, as being ultra vires of the Constitution being in contravention of Article 39 of the Constitution. The Rules in both those writ petitions were made absolute and thereafter the Certificate was granted under Article 2 a of the constitution. To understand the constitutional validity of the impugned Act I will refer to the relevant earlier enactment on the subject herein below.
The relevant sections with which we are concerned are sections 5, 6 and 8. Section 5 speaks of many other functions of the Board including as those mentioned in clauses a and b as under: a Approval of text books of school; b Preparation, publication and sale of text-books for schools.
These two enactments mainly deal with text book only and no. On the reverse of the opening page of a text book it is clearly mentioned that the text-book is published by the National Curriculum and Text Book Board and all rights are reserved by the publisher.
I will now proceed to consider as to whether lawfully any prohibition can be imposed on the printing, publication, import, distribution, sale and circulation of any note-book prepared on the text-book. It is now undeniable that the Bangladesh School Text Book Board has the exclusive right to prescribe text books for the schools in Bangladesh. Text-book is prescribed for study in school but note book is not prescribed for study in school. The object of the Note-Books Prohibition Act, is to prohibit printing, publication, import, distribution and sale of note books on text books for primary and secondary schools upto Class VIII.
I will now deal with the relevant provisions of the impugned Act. In other words, the Board can publish note book but the publishers on their own cannot print and publish note book on the text book of the Board. Section 4 of the Act speaks of penalty which can be imposed or contravention of any provision of section 3 of the Act and also for forfeiture of the note-book to the Government.
I have already stated earlier that in these two enactment relating to the control of the Board on the text book nothing has been said with regard to the note book.
It is only in the impugned Act that publication of note book of text book of School Text Book Board is prohibited. The writing, printing, publishing, distribution and circulation of the note book as defined in clause b of section 2 of the impugned Act are right guaranteed by sub-clause a of clause 2 of Article 39 of the Constitution and the impugned Act has taken away this right of the writ petitioners in flagrant violation of clause 2 of Article 39 of the Constitution and, therefore, liable to be declared as unconstitutional.
The circumstances are: a In the interest of security of the state; b Friendly relations with Foreign States; c Public order; e In relation to contempt of court; f Defamation and incitement to an offence. These restrictions are enumerated in the Constitution itself.
The restrictive clauses as mentioned hereinabove are exhaustive and are to be strictly followed. Any ground outside the relevant provisions as mentioned in clause 2 of Article 39 of the Constitution will offend Article 39 of the Constitution.
Abdul Wadud Bhuiyan, learned Additional Attorney-General, argued before us, that the School Text Book Board has got statutory domain over all text books and by necessary implication, it includes the power to protect the text books from being used in the production of note without the permission of the Board which is the ancillary power of the Board to protect the text books and the act of the publishers to print note-books constitute encroachment upon the statutory domain of the Board and are likely to infringe the copyright in the text books.
SR Pal, learned Advocate appearing for the respondents, submits that the question of infringement of the copyright of the text book is irrelevant in the case as the Board has got no copyright over any note book published by the printers on the text book of the Board. He further submits that Note Books Prohibition Act, is a subordinate legislation and it can only survive provided it is not inconsistent with any provision of Article 39 2 of the Constitution.
With reference to the National Curriculum and Text Book Board Ordinance, , the learned Additional Attorney-General could only show that the School Text Book Board has got the exclusive right of publication of the text book, but not the note book of the text book and, as such, his argument that the Board has the ancillary power to protect its text book by not allowing to publish the note book is not tenable in this case.
In a case, where we are considering the constitutional validity of an Act such indirect and oblique argument about the ancillary power is not at all available. The argument of the learned Additional Attorney General on the question of infringement of the copyright is wholly irrelevant in the present cases. The Beard has no copyright on the note book of the text book, The question of infringing the copy right of the Board does not arise at all in this case.
But why to make the impugned Act? Hence there is no violation of the Copyright Act, far less any law. I must also say that before the High Court Division no such argument was made by any party on the question of infringement of copyright.
Textbook (Bangla version) for Class Three from 2004,
I am of the view that everyone is free to propagate and circulate his own ideas and thought, by word of mouth, writing or in any form he likes. What the note book writer is doing is not reproducing the contents of the author, but they are making notes, comments, annotations, explanations and opinions on the original works of the authors.
The freedom of speech and expression cannot be limited only to the original ideas and views but it will also include the views and comments of others.
Review or commentary of a book written by an author or a poem by a poet is always made by others by expressing their own opinion and ideas on the subject. In writing the annotations and explanations one is free to propagate his views on the subject as freedom of speech and expression of human thought in any form is always available to a citizen. Unless, of course, the same offends any constitutional mandate or any existing law. I have searched for cases in our jurisdiction on the question of interpretation of Article 39, but unfortunately, I did not get any case.
I will consider hereinbelow some of the decisions to understand the Constitutional validity of the impugned Act. I will first refer to the case of Romesh Thappar vs. That was a case where a ban was imposed on a printer, publisher and editor of a weekly journal upon the entry and circulation of the journal in Madras in exercise of the power of Madras Maintenance of Public Order Act, Article 19 of the Indian Constitution is equivalent to Article 39 of our Constitution.
Section 9 1 a of Madras Maintenance of Public Order, , though authorises imposition of restriction for the purpose of securing public safety or maintenance of public order but it falls outside the scope to authorise restriction under clause 2 of Article 19 of the Indian Constitution and therefore the Act was knocked down as unconstitutional and void.
The reported decision is a case on the question of infringement of copyright of the plaintiff. In that reported decision, the learned Single Judge of the Calcutta High Court on reading the text book and the notes in Parijat Readers found reproduction of stories in substantial part, thereby found infringement of the copyright of the plaintiff.
The West Bengal Board of Secondary Education has the copyright over the text books and no explanatory book or any abridgement thereof or what is commonly known as note book can be prepared without the written permission of the Board and the publication of the same makes the publisher liable to damages.
In the text book on the reverse of the opening page it is clearly noted that no note book can be prepared without the express written permission of the West Bengal Secondary Board of Education.
The underlining is by me. Bangladesh has struggled to contain extremist violence in recent years, as Islamist militants have targeted secular writers and intellectuals.
Corrections, but no changes in school textbooks
But equally significant, over the long term, are changes taking place in the general population: The number of women wearing the hijab has gradually risen, as has the number of students enrolled in madrasas, or Islamic schools. That religious organizations now have a hand in editing textbooks, a prerogative they sought for years, suggests that their influence is growing, even with the Awami League party, which is avowedly secular, in power.
It is a shift that, increasingly, worries the United States. Bangladesh broke away from Pakistan in , and in the decades that followed, it defined itself as adamantly secular and democratic. For years, this ideology seemed to serve as an insulating force. Transnational jihadist networks that flourished in Afghanistan and Pakistan found little download in Bangladesh, despite its dense, poor Muslim population and porous borders.
Islamist organizations, analysts say, are so skilled at mobilizing that it has become harder for the government to ignore their demands, especially with a general election coming in Hefazat-e-Islam, a vast Islamic organization based in Dhaka, the capital, first called for changes to the textbooks during huge rallies in I want to add that all the political parties, they consider their popularity among the people.
Image Supporters of Hefazat-e-Islam, a vast Islamic organization based in Dhaka, demanding the enactment of an anti-blasphemy law in The group has been seeking changes to textbooks.
It is difficult, but not impossible.Many people live in this world, We are all human beings. Narayan added that the curriculum may be reviewed next year as five years have passed since the last change.
If there are holes in the playground or if the field is uneven, we will fall and get hurt. For this reason the 26th of March is our national day. Father works very hard to bring us up b. Let it be fixed with pin all around. Our State Emblem Let us look at the picture on the right. This book is originally published in Bangla.
The Hilsha is silvery. Our house is a very common element of social environment Usually there are several rooms in a house, for example, living room, a bedroom, a dinning room, a studyroom, a kitchen, toilets, etc.